Ukraine

Ukraine

CLICK HERE for Country Information and History

Area: (almost four times the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than Texas), total: 603,550 sq km (233,032 sq miles), land: 579,330 sq km (223,681 sq miles), water: 24,220 sq km (9,351 sq miles)

Population: 44,209,733 (July 2016 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.39% (2016 est.)

Capital City: Kiev

Independence Day: 24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: ca. 982 (VOLODYMYR I consolidates Kyivan Rus), 1648 (establishment of Cossack Hetmanate)

Ethnic Groups: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 est.)

Languages: Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldavian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.) note: 2012 legislation enables a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast’s population to be given the status of “regional language,” allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions; Ukrainian remains the country’s only official nationwide language

Life Expectancy at Birth: total population: 71.8 years / male: 67.1 years (in rural areas, 48 years, due to high rate of alcoholism) / female: 76.9 years (2016 est.)

Religious Groups:

  • Christian 79% (3.8% of which are Evangelical/Protestant, the remaining are Orthodox)
  • Atheist 11%
  • Other 10% (Muslim and Jewish <1%)

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine achieved a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and endured a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although Ukraine achieved final independence in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties.

A peaceful mass protest referred to as the “Orange Revolution” in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary (Rada) elections, become prime minister in August 2006, and be elected president in February 2010. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to use of government resources to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates. President YANUKOVYCH’s backtracking on a trade and cooperation agreement with the EU in November 2013 – in favor of closer economic ties with Russia – and subsequent use of force against civil society activists in favor of the agreement led to a three-month protest occupation of Kyiv’s central square. The government’s use of violence to break up the protest camp in February 2014 led to all out pitched battles, scores of deaths, international condemnation, and the president’s abrupt departure to Russia. New elections in the spring allowed pro-West president Petro POROSHENKO to assume office on 7 June 2014.

Shortly after YANUKOVYCH’s departure in late February 2014, Russian President PUTIN ordered the invasion of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula claiming the action was to protect ethnic Russians living there. Two weeks later, a “referendum” was held regarding the integration of Crimea into the Russian Federation. The “referendum” was condemned as illegitimate by the Ukrainian Government, the EU, the US, and the UN General Assembly (UNGA). Although Russia illegally annexed Crimea after the “referendum,” the Ukrainian Government, backed by UNGA resolution 68/262, asserts that Crimea remains part of Ukraine and fully under Ukrainian sovereignty. Russia also continues to supply separatists in two of Ukraine’s eastern provinces with manpower, funding, and materiel resulting in an armed conflict with the Ukrainian Government. Representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the unrecognized separatist republics signed a ceasefire agreement in September 2014. However, this ceasefire failed to stop the fighting. In a renewed attempt to alleviate ongoing clashes, leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany negotiated a follow-on peace deal in February 2015 known as the Minsk Agreements. Representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe also meet regularly to facilitate implementation of the peace deal. Scattered fighting between Ukrainian and Russian-backed separatist forces is still ongoing in eastern Ukraine.

(SOURCE: The CIA Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities.)

EEMN Serving in Ukraine

Although much has changed, including for our own ministries in Ukraine, God has opened the doors for a new partnership in the Brethren Lutheran Church of Ukraine (SELKU)! In November of 2015, Pr. Breidenbach spent a week at the SELKU Seminary in Odesa, Ukraine visiting with students, staff, and local church leadership.

 

 

 

Pr. Oleg & Viktoria Schewschenko

Pr. Oleg Schewtschenko and his wife, Viktoria, are a young ministry couple who, along with other Brethren Lutheran pastors and ministry leaders, are focused on reaching and ministering to Ukrainian youth who are “aging-out” of government funded orphanages. The Schewtschenkos also participated in our November 2016 EEMN Disciple-Making Conference, hosted in Latvia.

There is a movement among the Brethren Lutheran Church to work with the significant population of teenage orphans – by providing rehabilitation, spiritual care, and life-skills training. This exciting and pioneering ministry needs the help of our EEMN ministry network; and so we covet your prayers, as God reveals what are the next steps in reaching orphaned youth in Ukraine.

 

 

 

As this new partnership strengthens EEMN will again begin offering Ukraine English Bible Camps for the 2018 Summer STM season! We are very excited to return to Ukraine and we are thankful for God’s providence in opening new doors for ministry!